India Ethanol Market is Segmented By Source (Molasses, Sugar Cane Juice, Grains, Others), By End User (Fuel, Industrial Solvents, Beverages, Cosmetics, Pharmaceuticals, Automotive, Others), By Grade (Denatured Alcohol, Undenatured Alcohol, Rectified Spirit, Specially Denatured Alcohol, Fuel Ethanol), By Blending (E5, E10, E15, E20, E25, E70, E85, E95), By Application Method (Starch-based, Sugar-based, Cellulosic), By Region (North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, Middle East, and Africa). The report offers the value (in USD billion) for the above-mentioned segments.

India Ethanol Market Size

Market Size in USD


Study Period2023 - 2030
Base Year of Estimation2022
Largest MarketIndia
Market ConcentrationHigh
Major PlayersPraj Industries, Triveni Engineering & Industries Ltd, Shree Renuka Sugars, Balrampur Chini Mills Ltd., Bajaj Hindusthan Sugar Ltd.
*Disclaimer: Major players are listed in no particular order.
*Source: Coherent Market Insights
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India Ethanol Market Analysis

India ethanol market is estimated to be valued at US$ 2.43 Bn in 2023, and is expected to reach US$ 6.83 Bn by 2030, exhibiting a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 15.9% from 2023 to 2030.

Ethanol is a renewable fuel produced through the fermentation of sugars found in crops such as corn, sugarcane, and wheat. In India, ethanol is primarily produced from molasses, a by-product of sugar production. Ethanol has gained popularity in India owing to its use as a blending agent with gasoline to curb vehicular air pollution as well as reduce the country's reliance on crude oil imports. Key drivers supporting ethanol market growth in India include favorable government policies such as the ethanol blending program and rising environmental concerns.

India ethanol market is segmented into by source, end-user, grade, blending, application method, and region. By source, the market is segmented into molasses, sugar cane juice, grains, and others. The molasses segment accounted for the largest share of the market in 2022. Molasses is readily available in India as a by-product of sugar production. The government  focus on using sugarcane juice directly to produce ethanol is expected to drive the sugar cane juice segment at the highest CAGR during 2023-2030.

India Ethanol Market- Drivers                

  • Supportive Government Policies - The Indian government has implemented several supportive policies to boost ethanol production and consumption in the country. Ethanol blending program mandates an increasing blending of ethanol with gasoline. This has given ethanol a steady and expanding market. The government has also provided subsidies, loans and incentives for ethanol projects. The National Policy on Biofuels-2018 aims to triple ethanol production by 2022. Such policies encourage investments and development in the ethanol market.
  • Growing Automotive Sector - India is one of the fastest growing automotive markets globally. Vehicle sales have been rising steadily due to rising incomes, increasing urbanization, and infrastructure development and expanding middle class. This expanding automotive sector boosts demand for fuels. Ethanol blending helps to address this fuel demand in a more sustainable manner while reducing oil imports. The government aims to achieve its ethanol blending targets by leveraging this vast growth potential of India's automotive sector.
  • Increasing Consumption as Biofuel - Most of the ethanol produced in India is used for EBP blending. But apart from blending, ethanol's use as a biofuel is also rising for transportation applications. Ethanol fuel blends allow existing gasoline-based vehicles to switch to cleaner renewable fuels with minimal or no engine modification. Ethanol has high octane rating and oxygen content, making it an efficient fuel. As environmental concerns grow globally, ethanol is gaining traction as a cleaner burning biofuel alternative. This boosts its consumption in India.
  • Expanding End-use Applications - Beyond fuel blending, ethanol has diverse end-use applications across industries like personal care, paints & coatings, chemical, pharmaceutical, and others. With rising incomes and growing consumer segments, demand from these sectors is expanding. For instance, ethanol is widely used in cosmetics, perfumes, deodorants, antiseptic products, and others. Its solvent properties create opportunities across industrial domains. Such broad usage potential is fueling the growth of the ethanol industry.

India Ethanol Market- Opportunities

  • Cellulosic Ethanol Production - Cellulosic ethanol made from agricultural residues, grasses or wood waste has immense potential in India. The country generates millions of tons of agri-waste annually which could be used to produce cellulosic ethanol. This 2G ethanol does not affect food security like 1G ethanol from grains/sugarcane. Government policy also encourages cellulosic projects. Companies are investing in 2G ethanol production technologies suitable for Indian biomass. Tapping the abundance of agri-residues can drive the market growth.
  • Export Potential - India's expanding ethanol production and favorable trade policies have opened up exports opportunities for domestic players. Ethanol exports help to deal with excess supplies as well as generate foreign exchange earnings. The government has allowed exports of surplus ethanol from molasses and non-food feedstock. It has also removed restrictions on export quantity and destinations. Several companies have commenced ethanol exports targeting fuel, potable liquor and industrial demand in overseas markets. Export demand would further propel production of ethanol.
  • Emergence of Domestic Market - Historically ethanol production in India has largely depended on ethanol supply obligations for Oil Marketing Companies (OMCs) to meet EBP blending targets. However, new private sector opportunities are now emerging beyond OMC demand with growing usage in non-fuel sectors and specialty chemicals. Beyond the usual OMC demand, rising private consumption would give ethanol producers additional long-term demand certainty.
  • Investments in Production Capacity - To meet rising domestic ethanol demand as well as tap export potential, public and private players are investing significantly to enhance production capacities. From molasses-based distilleries to grain/2G ethanol plants, capacity addition plans have been announced. The market has over 150 ethanol producers and additional players are also entering the market. Availability of feedstock, technologies and favorable policies continue to attract large scale investments.

India Ethanol Market- Restraints

  • High Feedstock Costs - Feedstock can account for up to 70% of ethanol production costs. Fluctuating availability and elevated prices of feedstocks like corn, broken rice, sugarcane, and others can affect project viability. Excess sugarcane diversion towards ethanol also impacts sugar production. Managing feedstock costs through long-term contracts, using molasses efficiently during surplus sugar seasons is vital.
  • Lack of Adequate Storage & Handling Infrastructure - Unlike fossil fuels, ethanol requires Given its propensity for absorbing water, it requires specialized infrastructure for storage and transportation. Lack of adequate tankage facilities at depots, rail tank cars to transport ethanol from production units to OMC depots hampers smooth supply logistics. Developing suitable storage and handling solutions is critical.
  • Constraints in Supply Chain Mechanism - Complex sugarcane pricing policies, delays in announcing ethanol procurement tenders and prices affect industry planning. Release of government subsidies/incentives also often gets deferred. Resolving regulatory and procedural hurdles can help to streamline the supply ecosystem.