Australia Chlorine Market SIZE AND SHARE ANALYSIS - GROWTH TRENDS AND FORECASTS (undefined)

Australia Chlorine Market is Segmented By Derivative (PVC, Propylene Oxide and Epichlorohydrin, Phosgene, C1 Derivatives, and Others), By Application (Disinfection, Bleaching, Organic Chemicals, Inorganic Chemicals, and Metal Separation), By End-use Industry (Water Treatment, Plastic, Paper & Pulp, Chemical, Mining, and Others). The report offers the value (in USD million) for the above-mentioned segments.

Australia Chlorine Market Size

Market Size in USD

CAGR5.1%

Study Period2024 - 2031
Base Year of Estimation2023
CAGR5.1%
Market ConcentrationHigh
Major Players3M Company, Reckitt Benckiser, Procter and Gamble, Clorox Company, Ecolab
*Disclaimer: Major players are listed in no particular order.
*Source: Coherent Market Insights
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Australia Chlorine Market Analysis

The Australia chlorine market size is expected to reach US$ 479.7 Mn by 2031, from US$ 322.2 Mn in 2023, growing at a CAGR of 5.1% during the forecast period 2024-2031. The Australia chlorine market has been witnessing steady growth over the past few years. Chlorine is an important commodity chemical that is widely used across various end-use industries such as water treatment, pharmaceuticals, plastics, and paper in Australia. It is primarily produced through the electrolysis of saltwater or brine. Australia has abundant natural salt resources along its coastline which are exploited for the production of chlorine and other inorganic chemicals. Growing industries, such as plastics and pharmaceuticals, have consistently driven the demand for chlorine in the country.

Australia Chlorine Market Drivers

  • Growing demand from the water treatment industry: The water treatment industry in Australia has been experiencing substantial growth in recent years which has created a significant demand for chlorine. With a growing population and the effects of droughts and climate change reducing water availability, water purification and recycling is becoming increasingly important. More municipal councils and local governments are investing in advanced water filtration plants that use chlorine as a key disinfectant to purify drinking water and make recycled water safe. For example, according to data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics, capital expenditure on water supply and sewage increased by around 15% from 2019 to 2021, reflecting the higher investment in water treatment infrastructure across the country. This upsurge in water treatment activities is directly fueling the need for chlorine. Chlorine plays a vital role in water treatment processes by killing harmful pathogens, bacteria, and viruses. It is added during both primary and secondary disinfection stages to sanitize water and make it safe for human consumption or agricultural and industrial uses. Government initiatives to boost water security through expanded wastewater recycling schemes and desalination plants will create sustained opportunities for chlorine manufacturing and supply companies catering to the water industry.
  • Demand from the pharmaceutical industry: The pharmaceutical industry in Australia has been experiencing steady growth over the past few years, leading to a higher demand for chlorine from this sector. Chlorine plays a vital role in many pharmaceutical manufacturing processes. It is used as a disinfectant and cleansing agent at various stages during production to ensure safety and quality standards. With more drugs and medical products being developed to treat chronic diseases and meet the needs of an aging population, pharmaceutical companies are ramping up their production capacities. The strong dynamics in Australia's water treatment segment is expected to continue driving the steady demand for chlorine. Population projections indicate further growth across major cities and towns over the coming decades, exacerbating water stress. This will accelerate the adoption of alternative water sources like recycled and desalinated water along with the up-gradation of existing infrastructure to handle larger volumes, all of which depend substantially on chlorine-based purification processes. Government initiatives to boost water security through expanded wastewater recycling schemes and desalination plants will create sustained opportunities for chlorine manufacturing and supply companies catering to the water

Australia Chlorine Market Restraints

  • Availability of substitute products: The availability of substitute products is significantly restraining the growth of Australia Chlorine Market. There are several substitute products available for chlorine which are used for similar applications. For example, hydrogen peroxide and bromine are used as substitutes for chlorine in water treatment. Hydrogen peroxide is used as an alternative disinfectant and bromine is also used for sterilization of water in swimming pools and spas. Both these substitutes are growing in popularity and gaining market share at the expense of chlorine.
  • Chlorine is majorly used in the production of PVC (polyvinyl chloride). However, the demand for PVC is declining in the building and construction sector due to the availability of substitute materials like metal, glass, fiber cement and wood. According to the Australian Bureau of Statistics, the building permits for private sector houses have declined by 6.1% between 2020 - 2021. This decline in demand for PVC is subsequently reducing the demand for chlorine in Australia. The rising environmental concerns have been restricting the growth of chlorine market. Chlorine poses threats to the aquatic life and hence, regulators are promoting the use of substitutes. For instance, according to the Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment, the Government of Australia has set strict regulations on the presence of chlorine and other chemicals in wastewater that is discharged into seas, lakes and rivers. This is promoting the shift towards green substitutes like sodium hypochlorite which reduces the environmental impact. 
  • Stringent government regulations: Stringent government regulations are posing significant challenges for the growth of the Australian chlorine market. Various environmental protection laws have made it quite difficult for chlorine producers to operate and expand their facilities. Recent amendments to the Clean Air Act impose strict emissions limits on industrial units that produce or use chlorine. Compliance with these new rules requires substantial capital investments in pollution control technologies like scrubbers and filters. This has increased the production costs significantly for chlorine companies.
  • Going forward, the strong dynamics in Australia's water treatment segment are expected to continue driving steady demand for chlorine. Population projections indicate further growth across major cities and towns over the coming decades, exacerbating water stress. This will accelerate the adoption of alternative water sources like recycled and desalinated water along with up gradation of existing infrastructure to handle larger volumes, all of which depend substantially on chlorine-based purification processes. Government initiatives to boost water security through expanded wastewater recycling schemes and desalination plants will create sustained opportunities for chlorine manufacturing and supply companies catering to the water Market.

Australia Chlorine Market Opportunity

  • Demand for chlorine in the paper and pulp industry: The paper and pulp industry in Australia has shown promising growth over the past few years and is expected to continue on an upward trajectory. According to the Australian Department of Agriculture, Water and Environment's 2021 report on the paper and pulp sector, production of paper and paperboard products increased by 4.1% between 2018 and 19. Pulp, paper, and converted paper product manufacturing is a key part of the manufacturing industry in Australia, contributing over US$ 2.87 billion to the GDP in 2020. With increasing local and export demand for paper-based packaging and hygiene products post the pandemic, the industry is poised for further expansion to meet demand. This emerging trend presents a lucrative opportunity for chlorine producers and suppliers to tap into the robust demand from the paper and pulp industry in the country. By strategizing supply chain and infrastructure around this specialized customer group, Australian chlorine companies can boost sales revenues. Focusing on the service requirements of these process industrial customers and offering reliable, just-in-time product delivery will be critical for manufacturers to maximize their gains over the coming years.
  • Technological advancements: Technological advancements have opened up tremendous opportunities for growth in the Australia chlorine market. Chlorine finds wide usage across industries like chemicals, paper & pulp, water treatment, and other. The adoption of automation and IoT solutions helps improve efficiency and reduce costs across manufacturing processes. For instance, advanced sensors enable real-time monitoring of chlorine levels in treated water. This helps maintain optimal chlorine concentrations and safety standards. It also reduces manual intervention and waste. Similarly, robotic process automation streamlines chlorine handling during production runs. This enhances safety as human exposure to chlorine is minimized. It also ensures consistency in product quality. Sustainable production techniques also open new potential. According to the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), Australia generated around 12% of its electricity through solar in 2020. This share is projected to exceed 25% by 2023 led by falling costs. Leveraging cleaner energy can lower the carbon footprint of chlorine manufacturing. The shift to renewables is integral to Australia's climate commitments under the Paris Agreement. To conclude, technological progress offers meaningful ways to boost the efficiency, productivity, and sustainability of the Australian chlorine Market ensuring continued future growth.

Analyst View Point:

The Australia chlorine market is expected to see steady growth over the next five years. The key drivers for chlorine demand include growing population, urbanization and industrialization. As populations in major cities continue to rise, the need for drinking water and wastewater treatment will increase chlorine consumption. Rapid industrial expansion in end-use sectors like chemical processing, plastics and paper is anticipated to boost market demand. Furthermore, rising infrastructure development projects will lift demand from the construction industry for products like PVC and EVC pipes that require chlorine in their manufacturing.

However, stringent environmental regulations around chlorinated compounds pose a major restraint. The government has imposed strict limits on mercury and chlorinated discharge from industries. Additionally, growing consumer awareness about toxic effects of chlorine derivatives may negatively impact certain applications over time. Alternative disinfecting agents are also seeing higher adoption which could challenge chlorine supremacy.

The Western region currently dominates Australia's chlorine market share due to concentration of large end-use sectors in cities like Melbourne and Perth. Eastern markets around Sydney and Brisbane are also significant consumers. Meanwhile, Southern regions offer most attractive opportunities for chlorine suppliers given industrialization and population increases in these areas. As regional cities experience faster expansion versus other developed nations, their need for water treatment and infrastructure will drive above average gains for chlorine products. Producers should focus expansion strategies around high growth.