Brazil Biofuels Market is Segmented By Feedstock (Sugarcane, Corn, Vegetable Oils, Others) By Fuel Type (Ethanol, Biodiesel, Biogas, Others) By Application (Transportation, Power Generation, Others) By Technology (First Generation, Second Generation, Third Generation) The report offers the value (in USD billion) for the above-mentioned segments.

Brazil Biofuels Market Size

Market Size in USD


Study Period2023 - 2030
Base Year of Estimation2022
Largest MarketBrazil
Market ConcentrationHigh
Major PlayersRaízen, GranBio, BSBIOS, Ipiranga, Petrobras, ADM, Louis Dreyfus Company
*Disclaimer: Major players are listed in no particular order.
*Source: Coherent Market Insights
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Brazil Biofuels Market Analysis

Brazil biofuels market is estimated valued at US$ 8.22 Bn in 2023 and is expected to reach US$ 15.62 Bn by 2030, growing at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 9.6% from 2023 to 2030. Biofuels are fuels produced directly or indirectly from organic materials such as plants and animal waste. The most common types of biofuels are ethanol and biodiesel. Biofuels are considered renewable energy sources and provide an alternative to fossil fuels. Key drivers for the biofuels market include government policies promoting biofuel adoption, growing demand for cleaner fuels, and declining crude oil reserves.

Brazil biofuels market is segmented by feedstock, fuel type, application, technology,. By feedstock, the market is segmented into sugarcane, corn, vegetable oils, and others. Sugarcane accounts for the largest share of the Brazil Biofuels Market in Brazil. The country is the largest sugarcane producer in the world and uses sugarcane for producing ethanol, which satisfies over 50% of Brazil's fuel needs for transportation.

Brazil Biofuels Market Drivers:

  • Favorable government policies and incentives promoting biofuel adoption in Brazil: The Brazilian government has implemented various policies such as mandatory blending targets, tax incentives, and low-interest loans to promote biofuel production and usage. For instance, the RenovaBio program introduced in 2017 aims to increase ethanol use to around 2 Bn liters by 2030. Such policies are driving investments and growth in the biofuels industry. The Brazilian Development Bank (BNDES) state bank also offers low-interest loans to sugarcane mills and ethanol producers, supporting market growth.
  • Growing environmental concerns and focus on reducing greenhouse gas emissions globally: Transportation accounts for around 14% of global greenhouse gas emissions. Biofuels like ethanol and biodiesel emit lower emissions compared to conventional fuels. With increasing awareness about climate change impacts, the adoption of biofuels as a clean energy alternative for the transport sector is rising. Brazil aims to reduce emissions by 37% by 2025 compared to 2005 levels under its commitment to the Paris Agreement. This is anticipated to boost biofuels demand. For instance, in March 2022, Brazil’s presidential election will take place in October 2022, and among the candidates, there is a different degree of commitment in terms of climate mitigation action. There is strong support among most candidates and voters to reduce deforestation - in contrast to President Jair Bolsonaro's current policies. However, climate change has not yet been discussed in much detail in debates
  • Advancements in biofuel production technologies improving efficiency and costs: Several new technologies have emerged in feedstock harvesting, pretreatment, hydrolysis, and fermentation processes to enhance biofuel yields and lower production costs. For example, Renare (sub-project of the flagship project H2Giga, funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research) developed a technology to extract higher ethanol yields from sugarcane bagasse and straw. Companies are also focusing on cellulosic ethanol production from waste biomass using enzymatic hydrolysis, which can improve productivity. Such technological improvements are contributing to the growth of Brazil biofuels industry.
  • Declining crude oil reserves raising focus on alternative renewable fuels such as biofuels: Brazil's crude oil reserves have witnessed a declining trend, with reserves depleting by around 38% between 2006 and 2016. The increased concerns regarding energy security, along with rising crude oil prices are prompting the country to reduce its reliance on fossil fuels by shifting to renewable biofuel energy sources like ethanol and biodiesel. Ethanol meets around 18% of Brazil's fuel demand, supported by policies and decline in oil reserves.

Brazil Biofuels Market Opportunities:

  • Leveraging advanced biofuel technologies such as cellulosic ethanol: Cellulosic ethanol produced from sugarcane bagasse, straw, and wood waste has the potential to increase ethanol yields substantially compared to conventional ethanol. Companies are investing in developing cellulosic ethanol facilities and commercializing the production. Developing scalable and cost-effective cellulosic ethanol conversion technologies can help tap the vast availability of waste biomass feedstocks in Brazil.
  • Expanding production infrastructure for emerging biofuels such as biokerosene and biojet fuel can create new growth avenues: With an increasing focus on sustainable aviation fuel to reduce emissions, several refiners in Brazil are developing processing units to produce biokerosene and biojet fuel. For instance, in 2021, GranBio (Brazilian entrepreneurial holding company developing opportunities in biotechnology, biomass conversion, clean energy and mining) started commercial scale production of biojet fuel from sugarcane in Brazil. Investments in expanding production infrastructure for biojet fuel can allow Brazil to become an exporter and cater to global demand.
  • Leveraging partnerships and joint ventures for technology transfer and expanding production capacity: Forming strategic partnerships between local and international companies can help transfer technical know-how and infrastructure for biofuel technologies like HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) and cellulosic ethanol. JVs can also enhance economies of scale. For instance, Raízen & Wilmar JV invests in expanding sugarcane ethanol production. Such partnerships can accelerate Brazil's transition to advanced biofuels.
  • Increasing export focus by entering into trade agreements can expand Brazil’s market access: The country can leverage bilateral agreements and trade corridors like the EU-Mercosur FTA to boost ethanol exports to key global markets facing high fuel demand. Expanding international trade can considerably augment opportunities for Brazil’s biofuel industry.

Brazil Biofuels Market Restraints:

  • High biofuel production costs compared to fossil fuels is a key restraint, especially with low crude oil prices: Sugarcane ethanol production costs in Brazil are around 20-30% higher than gasoline production costs. High costs are attributed to intensive agricultural processes for feedstock supply and complex biofuel conversion technologies. This can constrain competitiveness against conventional fuels.
  • Ambiguities in government policies: Ambiguities in government policies such as blending targets and subsidies for biofuels lead to investor uncertainty, hampering growth. For instance, Brazil has postponed the increase in biodiesel blend requirement from B10 to B12 due to surging soybean oil prices. Unclear policy directions raise concerns regarding industry support.
  • Limitations of first-generation biofuels: Limitations of first-generation biofuels prevent substantial reductions in emissions beyond a certain blend volume, restricting adoption to meet decarbonization goals. Most of Brazil’s biofuel production is first-gen ethanol using sugarcane. The constraints of conventional biofuels make the transition to advanced biofuels critical for growth.

Counterbalance: The Brazilian government's strong support for biofuels, including incentives and blending mandates, has significantly boosted the market and Brazil's abundant supply of sugarcane, a key feedstock for ethanol production, has facilitated the growth of the biofuels market.

Analyst Viewpoint

The biofuels market in Brazil holds significant opportunities for growth over the coming years. As the largest producer and consumer of ethanol globally, Brazil has gained substantial experience and expertise in biofuel production and infrastructure. Ethanol production is expected to remain the dominant biofuel type due to the widespread availability of sugarcane. Furthermore, the country's climate and agricultural conditions make it well-suited for large-scale sugarcane cultivation.

However, factors such as fluctuations in sugarcane crop yields and prices present a challenging environment for producers. Environmental regulations to curb excessive use of arable land and water for sugarcane farming could also restrain the market expansion. Flex-fuel vehicles that enable the use of ethanol blends are driving the demand but dependency on a single feedstock makes the market vulnerable.

The Brazilian government's policy support through incentives and blending mandates has been instrumental in developing the market. Now, diversifying into cellulosic ethanol and other advanced biofuels can help reduce price and supply risks. The governments in states like Sao Paulo and Parana are promoting 2G ethanol projects which provide new opportunities. Import of US DDGS and wheat ethanol also shows potential to supplement domestic supplies.

Private sector investments are helping improve yields, adopt innovative technologies, and explore international partnerships. If production costs decline through technological advances, exports especially to the U.S. could surge.