Green Polymer Market is Segmented By Type (Biodegradable, Biobased, Recycled, Bio-based, non-biodegradable, Partially bio-based), By Application (Packaging, Agriculture, Automotive, Electronics, Textiles, Healthcare, Others), By Polymer Type (Starch-based, Polylactic acid (PLA), Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA), Polyethylene terephthalate (PET), Polybutylene succinate (PBS), Polytrimethylene terephthalate (PTT), Others), By Geography (North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, Middle East and Africa). The report offers the value (in USD billion) for the above-mentioned segments.

Green Polymer Market Size

Market Size in USD


Study Period2023 - 2030
Base Year of Estimation2022
Fastest Growing MarketAsia Pacific
Largest MarketNorth America
Market ConcentrationHigh
Major PlayersBASF, Dow Chemical, Braskem, NatureWorks, Novamont
*Disclaimer: Major players are listed in no particular order.
*Source: Coherent Market Insights
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Green Polymer Market Analysis

The green polymer market size is expected to reach US$ 74.95 Bn by 2030, from US$ 39.46 Bn in 2023, growing at a CAGR of 9.6% during the forecast period. Green polymers, also known as bioplastics, are plastics manufactured from biomass sources such as vegetable oils and fats or microbial, animal, or plant sources. They provide environment-friendly alternatives to traditional petroleum-based plastics. The shift towards sustainable materials and rising awareness about the negative impacts of plastic waste are driving the market growth.

The green polymer market is segmented by type, application, polymer type, and region. By type, the market is segmented into biodegradable, biobased, recycled, bio-based non-biodegradable, and partially bio-based. The biodegradable polymers segment accounted for the largest share in 2022. The demand for biodegradable plastics is increasing significantly due to stringent government regulations on single-use plastics and plastic waste.

Green Polymer Market Drivers:

  • Increasing consumer preference for sustainable materials: The shift in consumer preference towards eco-friendly and sustainable products is a major factor driving the growth of the green polymer market. Consumers, especially millennials, are increasingly concerned about environmental issues like plastic pollution and climate change. This is leading to the rising demand for green polymers and bioplastics as they are made from renewable sources and are compostable or recyclable. For instance, according to a global survey, around 75% of consumers prefer buying products in recyclable packaging. Brands are also recognizing this trend and launching new products or switching packaging to bioplastics. In January 2022, Nestlé (food and Beverage Company) announced plans to source recycled plastics for its packaging and replace virgin plastics with food-grade recycled plastics.
  • Stringent government regulations: Governments across the world are implementing stringent regulations on single-use plastics to reduce plastic waste pollution. Several countries have banned certain plastic products or imposed taxes on plastic packaging. Such regulations are compelling manufacturers to adopt eco-friendly bioplastics and driving the market growth. For example, the European Commission has set targets to incorporate 25% of recycled plastic in PET bottles by 2025 and 30% in all plastic packaging by 2030. The UK Plastic Packaging Tax that will come into effect in April 2022 is also expected to encourage the use of recycled plastics.
  • Advancements in bioplastics: Continuous advancements in material chemistry and processing technologies are improving the properties and capabilities of bioplastics. Key players are investing significantly in R&D to develop novel bio-based polymers with enhanced mechanical, thermal, and barrier properties. For instance, researchers at McGill University engineered a new bioplastic from wood byproducts that is durable like petroleum-based plastics. New additive manufacturing technologies are also enabling 3D printing with bioplastics. This is broadening their applications across industries.
  • Corporate sustainability goals: An increasing number of brands and retailers have set sustainability targets to use eco-friendly packaging and reduce plastic waste footprint. For instance, PepsiCo (multinational food, snack, and Beverage Corporation) aims to achieve 100% recyclable, compostable, or biodegradable for its packaging by 2025. Such commitments by large corporates are expected to drive the usage of bioplastics and recycled plastics over the coming years. Several companies in the plastics value chain like BASF, Dow Chemicals, and Indorama Ventures are investing in bioplastics production and strategic partnerships to meet the growing demand for sustainable solutions.

Green Polymer Market Opportunities:

  • Applications in flexible packaging: Bioplastics such as PLA, starch blends, and PBAT have huge potential as renewable and compostable alternatives to conventional plastics used in flexible packaging like plastic wraps, bags and pouches. Key players are developing novel bio-based polymers and barrier materials to improve the properties of bioplastic packaging solutions. For instance, TIPA developed compostable bio-based barrier materials to provide the needed shelf-life for food packaging. The growing trend of sustainable packaging, especially in the food and beverage industry, provides significant opportunities for bioplastics in flexible packaging applications.
  • Automotive applications: With a rising focus on fuel efficiency and emission reduction, automakers are using lightweight bioplastics and natural fibers for vehicle interiors and exteriors. PLA, PHA, and natural fiber biocomposites offer sustainability benefits and can reduce vehicle weight by up to 50%. Bioplastics usage in automotive is still in the early stages but with stringent environmental regulations, they hold enormous potential to replace petroleum-based plastics in interior trim, dashboards, insulation, brackets, etc. Leading players like Toyota Tsusho Americas and Ford Motor Company are conducting R&D in this field.
  • Novel biopolymers: Advances in synthetic biology and genetic engineering have enabled the development of novel biomaterials like PEF (polyethylene furanoate), PHAs (polyhydroxyalkanoates), and PBS (polybutylene succinate) with superior properties and processability comparable to oil-based plastics. Commercialization of such new bio-based polymers produced from bacterial fermentation or enzymatic processes can provide unique properties to meet the requirements for advanced applications. Their production is also more environmentally sustainable.
  • Emerging markets favorable policies: Emerging economies like China, Brazil, and India are implementing policies and incentives to promote bioplastics manufacturing to reduce reliance on imported petrochemicals and tackle plastic pollution issues. For instance, the Indian government plans to mandate the use of compostable plastic packaging in food deliveries to curb plastic waste. The rising middle-class population and industrial growth make these markets highly lucrative for investment in bioplastics production infrastructure.

Green Polymer Market Restraints:

  • High production costs: The production costs of most bioplastics continue to be higher compared to conventional plastics derived from petrochemical feedstocks. This is a major challenge hindering the wider adoption of bioplastics. The cost difference stems from the complex extraction processes required for bioplastics and the economies of scale enjoyed by the mature petrochemical industry. However, players are investing to increase production scale and optimize bioplastic production to reduce costs.
  • Performance limitations: While bioplastics are suitable for packaging applications, their adoption in durable, engineering applications is limited owing to performance factors like heat resistance, strength, and longevity compared to conventional plastics. For example, PLA starts to deform at temperatures above 60°C, restricting its use in automotive or electronics products. Targeted research and product development are focused on modifying bioplastics to expand their applicability.
  • Lack of adequate infrastructure: The recycling of bioplastics like PLA and PHA requires dedicated facilities as they have different chemical structures compared to standard PET and PP plastics. However, recycling infrastructure and public awareness still remain key challenges, especially in developing economies. Without adequate composting and waste segregation facilities, bioplastics end up in conventional plastic waste streams, diminishing their sustainability benefits. Government and industry efforts are crucial to build supporting infrastructure.